Pind Daan of his father-in-law, King Dasharatha, blessed the banyan tree
In Valmiki Ramayana, there is a reference to the salvation of the soul of King Dasharatha by giving Pinddaan to Mother Sita. According to the legend, during the exile, Lord Rama, Lakshmana and Mother Sita reached Gaya Dham to perform Shradh at the time of Pitru Paksha and
There, Shri Ram and Lakshman went towards the city to collect the necessary materials for the Shradh rituals prescribed by the Brahmin.
Late here, the Brahmin Dev requested Mother Sita that the wicked time of Pind Daan was running out. Hearing this, Sita’s anxiety was also increasing because Shri Ram and Lakshman had not returned yet. After this, the soul of Dashrath ji made him realize that the time of Pind Daan is passing. Knowing this, Mother Sita got confused, then Mother Sita, realizing the importance of time, decided that she herself would do Pind Daan to her father-in-law, King Dasharatha.
Thereafter, Mother Sita made a body of sand for her father-in-law, King Dasharatha, after taking the banyan tree, crow, Tulsi, Brahmin and cow present along with the Falgu river as a witness and performed Pind Daan with full rituals. After this action, as soon as he prayed with folded hands, King Dasharatha accepted the Pind donation of Mother Sita. Mother Sita was enthralled by the fact that Dasharatha had accepted her worship, but she also knew that Lord Rama would not accept this, because it is believed that Pind Daan cannot be done without a son.
After a while Lord Rama and Lakshmana brought the material and asked about Pind Daan, then Mother Sita said that I myself donated Pind Daan because of the passage of time. Lord Rama could not believe that how can Pind Daan be performed and accepted without a son and material? Then Sita ji said that the river Falgu, Tulsi, crow, cow, banyan tree and Brahmins present there can testify to the Shraddha rituals performed by her.
When Lord Rama asked whether all these things were true or not, then the Falgu river, the cow, the crow, the Tulsi and the Brahmin five, seeing the anger of Lord Rama, lied that Mother Sita did not donate any Pind Daan! Only the banyan tree told the truth that Mother Sita, keeping everyone as a witness, duly donated the body of King Dasharatha. When the five witnesses lied, Mother Sita got angry and cursed them that till today they are suffering.
Cursed the river Falgu that it will remain a river in name only, there will be no water in it. For this reason, the Falgu river is still dry in Gaya. Cursed the cow that even though the cow is worshipped, only its rear part will be worshipped and the cow will have to wander from door to door to eat.
Even today, only the rear part of the cow is worshiped in Hinduism.
Mother Sita cursed the brahmin that he would never be satisfied and no matter how much he got, his poverty would remain forever. That is why Brahmins are never satisfied even after donating and dakshina. Sitaji cursed Tulsi that she would never grow in the soil of Gaya. It is true till date that Tulsi does not grow in the soil of Gaya. The crow was always cursed to eat after fighting. Therefore, even today the crow does not eat food alone.
The effect of these curses given by Sita Mata can be seen in these five even today. While these five got cursed, on speaking the truth, Mother Sita blessed the Vat tree that she would get a long life and she would provide shade to others and the virtuous woman would remember them and wish for the long life of her husband.